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NDA – CDS Study Materials

1. Army Operations
1. Operation Polo (1948) - Indian armed forces ended the rule of the Nizam of Hyderabad and led to the incorporation of the princely state of Hyderabad in Southern India, into the Indian Union.
2. Operation Vijay (1961) - the operation by the Military of India that led to the capture of Goa, Daman and Diu and Anjidiv Islands from the Portuguese colonial holding in 1961.
3. Operation Steeplechase (1971) - In July 1971, Indira Gandhi took advantage of President's rule to mobilise the Indian Army against the Naxalites and launched a colossal combined army and police counter-insurgency operation, termed "Operation Steeplechase," killing hundreds of Naxalites and imprisoning more than 20,000 suspects and cadres, including senior leaders
4. Operation Meghdoot (1984) — Indian military's capture of the majority of Siachen Glacier.
5. Operation Rajiv (1987) — Indian military's capture of Quaid Post/Bana Top.
6. Operation Pawan (1987) – Operations by the Indian Peace Keeping Force to take control of Jaffna from the LTTE in late 1987 to enforce the disarmament of the LTTE as a part of the Indo-Sri Lankan Accord.
7. Operation Viraat (1988) – It was an anti-insurgency operation launched by the IPKF against the LTTE in April 1988 in Northern Sri Lanka.
8. Operation Trishul (1988) - Along with Operation Viraat, was an anti-insurgency operation launched by the IPKF against the LTTE in April 1988 in Northern Sri Lanka.
9. Operation Checkmate (1988) - It was an anti-insurgency operation carried out by the IPKF against the LTTE in the Vadamarachi area of northern Sri Lanka in June 1988.
10. Operation Cactus (1988) — Paracommandos of Indian Army and MARCOS of Indian Navy oust Tamil nationalist mercenaries of PLOTE who instigated a coup in Malé in the Maldives.
11. Operation Vijay (1999) - name of the successful Indian operation to push back the infiltrators from the Kargil Sector, in the 1999 Kargil War.
12. Operation Parakram (2001) - The 2001–2002 India–Pakistan standoff was a military standoff between India and Pakistan that resulted in the massing of troops on either side of the border and along the Line of Control (LoC) in the region of Kashmir. This was the second major military standoff between India and Pakistan following the successful detonation of nuclear devices by both countries in 1998 and the most recent standoff between the nuclear rivals.
13. Operation Goodwill- humanitarian tasks in J&K
14. Operation Good Samaritan- humanitarian tasks in Manipur/Nagaland
15. Operation Surya Hope - for saving people trapped in the 2013 North India floods
16. Operation All Out (2015) - for flushing out Bodo militants Assam
17. Operation Maitri (2015) -India's Army-led rescue and relief mission in quake-hit Nepal
18. 2015 Indian counter-insurgency operation in Myanmar - A cross-border counter-insurgency raid in Myanmar.
19. Operation Raahat (2015) - Operation by the Indian Armed Forces to evacuate Indian citizens and other foreign nationals from Yemen during the 2015 military intervention by Saudi Arabia and its allies in that country during the Yemeni Crisis.
20. Operation Maitri (2015) Indian Military's rescue and relief mission in quake-hit Nepal
21. Operation Bandar (2019), which involved about 5,000 personnel, culminated in 12 Mirage-2000 aircraft crossing into Pakistan-occupied Kashmir and carrying out air strikes in Balakot.
22. Operation ‘Zafran’(2019) The Army was tasked with taking defensive as well as offensive measures in case Pakistan retaliated. The IAF was tasked with carrying out the strike. While the Army codenamed its operation ‘Zafran’, IAF named it ‘Bandar’,
23. BSF launches operation ‘Sudarshan’ to fortify Pakistan border in Punjab and Jammu
24. President Pratibha Patil, Supreme Commander of the armed forces, witnessed one of the largest military exercises in recent times — “Sudarshan Shakti” — aimed at starting the transformation of the forces into a modern, lean, and agile fighting combination capable of leveraging new-age technologies.
2. India Missile Chart
• Below is a list of India’s major missile systems either in operation or under development.
Missile Type, Details From-To Range Weight War-
head Status

Prithvi I SRBM Surface to Surface 150 Km 4.4 Ton 1 Ton Not in service
Prithvi II SRBM Surface to Surface 350 Km 4.6 T 0.5 T In service
Prithvi III SRBM Surface to Surface 600 Km 5.6 T 0.5 T In service
Dhanush Naval variant of Prithvi II Sea to Sea/Surface 350 Km 4.6 T 0.5 T In service
Akash Short Range Surface to air 30 Km 720 Kg 60 Kg In service
Trishul Short range for Navy Surface to air 9 Km 130 Kg 5 Kg Not in service
Astra Beyond visual range, Air to Air 80 Km 154 Kg 15 Kg In service
Nag Fire and forget, anti tank, guided Surface to surface, Air to surface 4 Km 42 Kg 8 Kg In service
Brahmos Cruise missile Land, Naval, Air 300 Km 3 T 200 Kg In service
Nirbhay Stealth, subsonic, Cruise Land, Naval, Air 1000 Km 1 T 100 Kg In Production stage
Agni I MRBM, Single Stage Surface to Surface 1250 Km 12 T 1 T In service
Agni II IRBM, Two Stage Surface to Surface 3000 Km 16 T 1 T In service
Agni III IRBM, Two Stage Surface to Surface 5000 Km 22 T 2.5 T In service
Agni IV IRBM, Two Stage Surface to Surface 4000 Km 17 T 2 T In service
Agni V ICBM, 3 stage Surface to Surface 8000 Km 50 T 1.5 T In service
Agni VI ICBM, 4 stage Surface to Surface 12000 Km 70 T 3 T Development stage
Shaurya Hypersonic, Canister launched Surface to Surface 700-1900 Km 6.2 T 1 T In service
Prahaar Tactical Ballistic Missile, Quick reaction, Omnidirectional warhead Surface to surface 150 Km 1280 Kg 200 Kg In service
K4 SLBM (Submarine launched ballistic missile) Under water to surface 3500 Km 17 T 2 T In Development
Sagarika (K15) SLBM Under water to surface 700 Km 6 T 1 T In service
Barak 1 SRSAM, (short range surface to air missile) , Ship Defense Ship to air, Ship to surface 12 Km 98 Kg 22 Kg In service, fitted on Shivalik class frigates
Barak 8 SRSAM, Ship Defense Ship to air, Ship to surface 90 Km 275 Kg 60 Kg In service, fitted on Kolkata class destroyers
3. Training Centers & Location
Name of Training Centers Located at
National Defence Academy Khadakvasla
Indian Military Academy Dehradun
Rashtriya Indian Military College Dehradun
National Defense College New Delhi
Defence Service Staff College Wellington Cantonment
Officers Training Academy Gaya
Officers Training School Chennai
College of Combat (renamed as Army War College) Mhow
Armoured Corps Centre and School Ahmednagar
Infantry School Mhow and Belgaum
School of Artillery Deolali
College of Military Engineering Kirkee (Pune)
Military College of Telecommunication Engineering Mhow
College of Defence Management Secunderabad
Army Cadet College Dehradun
College of Material Management Jabalpur
High Altitude Warfare School Gulmarg
Army Service Corps School Bareilly
EME School Vadodara
Military College of Electronics and Mechanical engineering Secunderabad
Remount and Veterinary Corps Centre and School Meerut
Army Educational Corps Training College and Centre Pachmarhi
Military Intelligence Training School and depot Pune
Corps of Military Police Centre and School Bengaluru
Army School of Physical Training Pune
Army/Air Transport Support School Agra
Army Clerks training School Aurangabad
Army School of Mechanical Transport Bengaluru
Counter Insurgency and Jungle Warfare School Vairengte
Institute of National Integration Pune
Air Force Administrative College Coimbatore
Air Force Academy Hyderabad
Air Force Technical College Jalahalli
Administrative Training School Sambre (Belgaum)
Flying Instructors School Tambaram
Elementary Flying School Bidar
Fighter Trainig and Transport Training Wings of the Air Forces Hakimpet and Yelahanka
Institute of Aviation Medicine Bengaluru
Paratroopers Training School Agra
Navigation and Signals Schools Hyderabad
College of Air Warfare Secunderabad
Guided Weapon Training Institutes Vadodara and Barrackpore
INS Chilka Bhubaneswar
INS Circars Visakhapatnam
INS Hamla Malad
INS Mandovi Goa
INS Valsure Jamnagar
INS Venduruthy Kochi
Naval Academy Kochi
Navy Shipwright School Visakhapatnam
Sailors Training Establishment Dabolim
4. India’s Joint Exercises
Indian Navy Joint Exercises
• Varuna naval exercise is joint exercise of navies of France and India.
• SLINEX.-Sri Lanka India Naval Exercise
• INDRA is a joint, bi-annual military exercise conducted by India and Russia
• Exercise Malabar is a bilateral naval exercise involving the United States and I6ndia.
• Simbex - Indian Navy with Republic of Singapore Navy
• IBSAMAR with the Brazil and South African navies.
• KONKAN - A bilateral Naval Exercise between Indian Navy and Royal Navy of Britain
• AUSINDEX-Indian and Australian Navy Bilateral Maritime Exercise
• Sahyog-Kaijin -Joint exercise of Coast Guards of India and Japan
• Naseem Al Bahr - Joint navy exercise of India and Oman
Indian Air Force Joint Exercises
• The joint India-UK air exercises are known as the “Indradhanush” or “Rainbow”.
• India-France Air Exercise “Garuda".
• Avia Indra-2014- the India-Russia maiden aerial exercise.
Indian Army Joint Exercises
• Mithra Shakti exercise- India and Sri Lanka.
• Hand-in-Hand. -India-China joint military training exercise
• Exercise Shakti - India and France armies
• Exercise Nomadic Elephant- Indian Army exercises with the Mongolian Army.
• Exercise Yuddh Abhyas is a series of joint exercises between the Indian and United States Armies since 2005.
• Surya Kiran - India Nepal joint military exercise
• LAMITYE- India and Seychelles
• Prabal Dostyk - India Kazhakhstan Joint exercise
• Al-Nagah- Joint military exercise between Indian and Oman
• Exercise DHARMA GUARDIAN (2019) is an annual training event which is being conducted in India since 2018. Notably, in the series of military training exercises undertaken by India with various countries Exercise DHARMA GUARDIAN with Japan is crucial and significant in terms of security challenges faced by both the nations in the backdrop of global terrorism.
• A joint military training exercise “Vajra Prahar” is conducted in Seattle between October 13, 2019 and October 28, 2019. The exercise is conducted alternately in India and US. The Special Forces and the Southern Command of Indian Armed Forces will participate in the exercise
• Yudh Abhyas is one of the largest running joint military training and defence corporation endeavours between India and the US